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Wednesday, July 15, 2020 | History

1 edition of Soil and water conservation for smallholder farmers in semi-arid Zimbabwe found in the catalog.

Soil and water conservation for smallholder farmers in semi-arid Zimbabwe

Soil and water conservation for smallholder farmers in semi-arid Zimbabwe

transfers between research and extension : proceedings of a national technical workshop, 3-7 April 1995 in Masvingo

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Published by IRDEP, Silsoe Research Institute in [Harare?], [London?] .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Zimbabwe
    • Subjects:
    • Soil conservation -- Zimbabwe -- Congresses.,
    • Water conservation -- Zimbabwe -- Congresses.,
    • Agriculture -- Technology transfer -- Zimbabwe -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementedited by Steve Twomlow ... [et al.] ; organized by Heinz Loos, Jürgen Hagmann, and Fred Goericke with assistance from the administrative staff of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDEP).
      GenreCongresses.
      ContributionsTwomlow, Steve., Loos, Heinz., Hagmann, J., Goericke, Fred V., Integrated Rural Development Programme (Zimbabwe), Silsoe Research Institute.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsS625.Z55 S65 1995
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxii, 199 p. :
      Number of Pages199
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL340823M
      LC Control Number97980103

      Since , the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics has been working in partnership with the UK Department for International Development, the national extension service and NGO’s to promote conservation agriculture amongst smallholder farmers. Conservation agriculture consists of 3 principles: minimum soil. Climate change has resulted in increased vulnerability of smallholder farmers in marginal areas of Zimbabwe where there is limited capacity to adapt to changing climate. One approach that has been used to adapt to changing climate is in-field water harvesting for improved crop yields in the semi- arid regions of Zimbabwe.

      In semi-arid regions, conventional tillage has mainly four purposes: To prepare the seedbed, promote infiltration, water conservation within the soil profile and to prevent wind and water erosion. According to Rockstrom et al. 67, a change from conventional to conservation agriculture will increase crop productivity by % and water. water as well as soil. To summarize, the deliberate use of wetlands makes it possible to intensify production, to extend the periods of pro­ duction, and to diversify production. This minimizes risks, and improves communal farmers' food security and economic position. Soil and water conservation are the means.

      smallholder farmers for whom they were intended (Anderson , Ryan and Spencer , Shiferaw and Bantilan , Twomlow et al. ). Conservation agriculture (CA) is being promoted as a potential solution to the production problems faced by smallholder farming families in sub-Saharan Africa (Haggblade and Tembo , Hobbs ). C onservation. Goats contribute significantly to the subsistence, economic and social livelihood of the majority of the smallholder resource poor rural population in Zimbabwe. However, no comprehensive studies on the impact of goat production on the socio-economic livelihoods have been carried out in semi arid areas of Zimbabwe, hence very little information has been documented on smallholder Cited by: 3.


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Soil and water conservation for smallholder farmers in semi-arid Zimbabwe Download PDF EPUB FB2

Thus, soil and water conservation practices are becoming increasingly important in the arid and semi-arid farming systems of the region. Appropriate and site specific technologies are needed to address poverty and food insecurity. Both available scientific knowledge and indigenous knowledge by communities should effectively contribute to this.

Maseko P. Soil and water conservation for small-holder farmers in semi-arid Zimbabwe. In: Proceedings of a technical workshop, Soil and Water conservation for smallholder farmers in semi-arid Zimbabwe-transfers between research and extension.

Masvingo: Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDEP); Mati by: Farmers can choose to keep their crop residues for use as mulch on the soil surface.

[18] Alternatively crop residues can provide highly valued fodder for livestock in smallholder farming systems in sub-Saharan Africa.

Given the cultural and economic value of livestock, livestock feeding may take precedence. 3 in the semi-arid Mzingwane Catchment, Limpopo Basin, Zimbabwe. practices by smallholder farmers in semi-arid areas of to explore rainwater harvesting and soil water conservation.

Various soil water management practices have been developed and promoted for the semi arid areas of Zimbabwe. These include a variety of infield crop management practices that range from primary and seconday tillage approaches for crop establishment and weed management through to land forming practices such as tied ridges and land by: A review of tillage methods and soil and water conservation in Southern Africa requirements of small-scale farmers in these harsh water-scarce semi-arid.

Climate change has resulted in increased vulnerability of smallholder farmers in marginal areas of Zimbabwe where there is limited capacity to adapt to changing climate.

One approach that has been used to adapt to changing climate is in-field water harvesting for improved crop yields in the semi- arid regions of Zimbabwe. This review analyses the history of soil and Cited by:   This study is based on a very extensive sample () of smallholder farmers in three southern African countries of Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique, and applying the latest impact assessment methodology empirically evaluates whether the use of conservation agriculture practices is making any improvement on the food security situation of by: However, conservation tillage as applied in smallholder farming systems in semi-arid Zimbabwe does not necessarily adhere to the 30% soil surface cover by residues.

Emphasis is more on conservation of soil and water with or without crop residues, and reduction in labour and draught power by:   In southern Africa, conservation agriculture (CA) has received a lot of research and promotional support from various organizations in the past decades. Conservation agriculture is largely promoted as one of the few win–win technologies affordable to farmers, in the sense that potentially it improves farmers’ yields (in the long term) at the same time conserving the Cited by: Conservation tillage systems have been adopted by farmers in many countries to solve the problem of land degradation and declining water productivity.

Direct application of such tillage systems has not been possible among resource-poor, smallholder farmers in semi-arid areas of Ethiopia. Problems su.

MARRYING WATER AND SOIL: ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE BY A SMALLHOLDER FARMER IN ZVISHAVANE, RURAL ZIMBABWE. Thesis presented for the approval of Senate in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY.

Department of Social Anthropology. University of Cape Town. October Christopher Munyaradzi Mabeza. Design of Soil and Water Conservation Structures for Smallholder Agriculture Training Notes by Prof. Bancy M. Mati 1. INTRODUCTION What is soil and water conservation.

Soil and Water Conservation (SWC) are activities that maintain or enhance the productive capacity of land in areas affected by or prone to soil Size: KB. Smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are under increasing pressure due in part to climate change and soil degradation, with many farming households unable to achieve even basic food self-sufficiency.

Conservation Agriculture (CA) is a possible solution to these challenges, but the lack of sufficient biomass for mulch has limited wide-scale adoption, and many farmers Author: M. Salomons, A.

Braul, L. Jazi, M. Entz. Conservation Agriculture in semi-arid Swaziland It offers a set of sustainable agronomic practices for smallholder farmers using either the hand hoe or animal draft tillage (ripper).

These practices aim to improve the soil structure, water retention and reduce the need for chemical fertilizers while at the same time improving crop Size: 1MB. Analysis of factors influencing the adoption of soil and water conservation technologies in Ngaciuma Sub-catchment, Kenya.

African Journal of Basic & Applied Science, 4, Aklilu, A., & de Graaff, J. Determinants of adoption and continued use of stone terraces for soil and water conservation in an Ethiopian highland watershed. Soil degradation is the greatest threat to agricultural production globally.

The practice of applying or retaining crop residues in the field as mulch is imperative to prevent soil erosion, maintain soil quality and improve crop productivity. However, smallholder farmers resort to maximizing profit by removing crop residues after harvest to sell or use them as feed for livestock.

The challenge of water scarcity as a result of insufficient seasonal rainfall and dry spell occurrences during cropping seasons is compounded by inefficient agricultural practices by smallholder farmers where insignificant soil and water conservation efforts are by: 5.

Over the last decade, the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has been promoting conservation agriculture (CA) among smallholder farmers in southern Africa including Zimbabwe [].Conceptually, CA practices center around minimum soil disturbance, which is accompanied by mulching, and crop diversification, either through rotations or intercrops [2,3].Cited by: 6.

The role of animal traction in soil and water conservation tillage practices among smallholder farmers in Malawi by Wells F. Kumwenda Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Farm Machinery Unit Malawi is a semi-arid country.

This means the country gets less rainfall than the humid. The complex challenges faced by smallholder farmers. Smallholder farming systems are influenced by an array of ecological, social, economic and political factors specific to the context in which they operate.

Yet, research on improving smallholder ALWM has tended to focus on technical solutions for increasing agricultural productivity.Innovations as Key to the Green Revolution in Africa: Exploring the Scientific Facts / Edition 1 Interactive effects of selected nutrient resources and tied-ridging on plant growth performance in a semi-arid smallholder farming environment in Effect of Zai soil and water conservation technique on water balance and the fate of nitrate Price: $Soil and Water Conservation for Smallholder Farmers in Semi-arid Zimbabwe: Transfer between Research and Extension.

Presented at the Proceedings of a Technical Workshop, 3–7 AprilMasvingo, Zimbabwe.